The Great Pyramid of GizaThe Great Pyramid of Giza was constructed between 2584 and 2561 BC by the Egyptians. It is believed to have been built as the tomb of Fourth Dynasty Egyptian Pharaoh Khufu. It is the oldest and largest of the three pyramids located in the Giza Necropolis bordering what is now El Giza Egypt. At a height of 480.6 feet, the pyramid was the tallest man-made structure in the world for 3,800 years, the longest period of time ever held for such a record.
The Hanging Gardens of Babylon
Sometimes called the Hanging Gardens of Semiramis, the gardens were built in the ancient city-state of Babylon, near present-day Al Hillah, Babil, in Iraq. They were supposedly built by the Babylonian king Nebuchadnezzar II around 600 BC. It is believed he constructed the gardens to please his homesick wife, Amytis of Media, who longed for the trees and fragrant plants of her homeland. However, the gardens were destroyed by several earthquakes after the second century BC.
The Temple of Artemis at Ephesus
The temple was constructed and dedicated to a goddess Greeks knew as Artemis at the site of Ephesus, the modern town of Selcuk in Turkey. It was completely rebuilt three times before its eventual destruction in 401 and only foundations and sculptural fragments of the latest of the temples at the site remain. It took 120 years to build and was destroyed by cause of arson.
The Statue of Zeus at Olympia
The statue was made by the Greek sculptor Phidias, circa 432 BC on the site where it was erected in Olympia, Greece. It occupied the whole width of the aisle of the temple that was built to house it, and was 40 feet tall. This World Wonder was also destroyed by fire.
The Mausoleum of Halicarnassus
Also known as Tomb of Mausolus, the tomb was built between 353 and 350 BC at Halicarnassus, present-day Bodrum, Turkey, for a satrap in the Persian Empire, called Mausolus, and Artemisia II of Caria, his wife and sister. The structure was designed by the Greek architects Satyros and Pythis. It was 148 feet tall and each of the four sides had sculptural reliefs created by each one of four Greek sculptors: Leochares, Bryaxis, Scopas of Paros, and Timotheus. The original structure was destroyed by a flood and the new structure was damaged by an earthquake and eventually disassembled by European Crusaders.
The Colossus of Rhodes
This statue of the Greek Titan Helios, god of the son, was erected in the city of Rhodes on the Greek island of Rhodes by Chares of Lindos between 292 and 280 BC. It was constructed to celebrate Rhodes’ victory over the ruler of Cyprus, Antigonus I Monophthalmus who unsuccessfully besieged Rhodes in 305 BC. It stood over 107 feet high and was destroyed by an earthquake.
The Lighthouse of Alexandria
The lighthouse also known as the Pharos of Alexandria was a tower built between 280 and 247 BC on the island of Pharos at Alexandria, Egypt. It was constructed to guide sailors into the harbor at night time. It has been estimated with a height between 393 and 450 feet and was destroyed by an earthquake.